9am Thurifer


  • Thurifer wears a special cotta, one with slits in sleeves to allow for easier arm movement.
  • Th starts 4-5 coals for the opening procession around 8:40. Thoroughly-burning coals are essential for “good smoke”.
  • Th joins all the servers in the Vesting Sacristy for prayers led by Cel, but leaves Thurible in the Smoke Sacristy. At the conclusion of the prayers, the SM (Sacred Ministers) will go to the Smoke Sacristy to lay on the incense.
  • While others gather in the hallway in preparation for the entrance, the Th remains in the Smoke Sacristy until the end of the Prelude and a signal by the MC to come down to the entrance door.


  • The Th leads the procession and sets a dignified pace that neither drags nor races. (A diagram of the path is in the notebook under General Notes for all servers.)
  • After passing through the Communion Rail, Th turns left and stands even with the end of the altar. (One of the Acol will stand to the left of the Thurifer.) While waiting for the others to arrive, the Thurifer may allow the Thurible to swing very gently.
  • The final lineup on the pavement is as follows. (TT are outside Altar Rail.)

[ altar ]


• After the Deacon places the Gospel Book on the altar, the MC signals all to genuflect. The SM then go up the steps and everyone else turns right and proceeds to the south end of the altar.


  • The Celebrant gives the Opening Acclamation and the Collect for Purity, then the Sacred Ministers move from the “slant I” to the center of the steps. At the beginning of the Gloria they gather at the footpace (the top of the altar steps) for the censing of the altar. At this point the Celebrant turns to receive the Thurible. The MC gives the signal for the Th to ascend the steps and hand it to the Cel. (The MC goes up the steps at the same time to remove the Missal Stand.)
  • While the altar is being censed the Th stands to the left of the MC and back, close to the chairs, to provide room for the Deacon to come down the for the censing of the Celebrant.
  • After receiving the Thurible from the Deacon, Th goes to the center just in front of the gate, genuflects, turns right, and exits through the altar gate to the Smoke Sacristy. Th closes the door to block out the noise of cleaning the pot.


  • After cleaning the pot the Th puts in 2-3 new lighted coals.
  • The door to the Chancel may now be reopened so that the Th can hear the reading of the Epistle and be ready to enter at the end.


  • As soon as “Thanks be to God” has been said, marking the end of the Epistle, Th enters carrying the Thurible in the left hand and Incense Boat in the right hand at chest level. Acol will meet the Th at the foot of the steps and all three will genuflect together.
  • Th then moves to the SM, handing the boat to the Deacon to hold for the Cel. while he lays on the incense. Deacon hands boat to MC to hold until the Th has lowered the cover over the incense.
  • Th goes to the foot of the altar steps, and stands next to the Acolyte at the left end. Note the tighter formation; don’t spread out too far.
  • The MC signals a genuflection, then turns and proceeds down the center aisle with the Acol following.
  • Th, carrying the incense in the left hand at chest level, follows the Acol, allowing the thurible to swing very gently with a much smaller arc than usual. Th takes a position next to the pews on the right, slightly behind the Deacon once s/he is in position.
  • On the return to the altar, the order is the same except that the MC follows the SD.
  • All should take positions at the foot of the altar steps -in a tighter lineup than for the procession out because the SubDeacon is now standing at the side, and the Deacon may be preaching. Once all are in the lineup, the MC signals for a genuflection. The Th turns right,passes through the gate of the railing, and exits to the Smoke Sacristy.


  • During the sermon, the incense pot is cleaned, and 5 new coals are set out in an empty bowl. (Besure the door is closed during this noisy procedure.)
  • During the Creed, Th gets the coals burning vigorously. (Some Th like to light one coal sooner as a starter.)
  • After the Peace, TT exit directly to smoke sacristy without genuflecting and pick up lighted torches. Note: If TT are inexperienced Th should be ready to give prompts.


  • At MC’s cue, Th leads TT from sacristy to center of rail. Th moves above rail pausing slightly to allow TT to get in position below rail so all can genuflect together.
  • Th goes to the right to have incense laid on. (After incense is laid on, the MC places the boat on the table below the credence.)
  • Th returns to center position and at a signal from the MC, Th & TT genuflect together.
  • Th proceeds the two TT through the choir, down the steps, turning left toward the lectern then right to go down the South aisle to the Baptistry. As soon as the ushers are finished in the center aisle,
  • Th and others get in position. At a signal from the Verger, the Th leads the Offertory Procession to the altar.
  • Th turns right outside the altar rail and proceeds to the end of the rail where s/he stands and waits for the elements – bread, wine, and money – to be handed to the Sacred Ministers. At a signal from the MC, all genuflect and the Thurifer passes the altar rail into the sanctuary and stands next tothe MC.

OFFERTORY HYMN: (Most of the censing done by the Thurifer takes place at this time.)

  • The Celebrant prepares the bread and wine, then turns to receive the Thurible.
  • Celebrant – with D & SD either side – censes the altar.
  • Deacon comes down steps and censes Cel.
  • Thurifer gives two doubles to Deacon, one double to SubDeacon.
  • Th moves to opening in altar rail, turns left 45°, gives a nod to CM or anyone standing there, and then – using a shorter chain – swings center, left, and right
  • Th faces altar, reverences Cross, then turns right 45° and in like manner censes MC and Acol.
  • Th genuflects and proceeds to Chancel for censing of all in the choir areas.
  • Rector, if present in his stall in choir, is first and receives two doubles.
  • If there are any visiting clergy, they are censed after Rector with two doubles.
  • Other priest(s) in choir receive two doubles.
  • Deacons in choir receive two doubles.
  • Both sides of choir receive a gentle short-chain swing to center, left, right. Th reverences cross on altar whenever turning from one side to the other.
  • Congregation receives full, long-chain swing to Center, left, right.

• Th returns to position next to MC, genuflecting inside altar rail in passing. Notes:

  • When censing with short chain Th holds thurible at chest height, not knee height.
  • Th nods before & after censing any individual or group.
  • As Th turns from one side to the other, s/he always turns toward the altar.
  • If additional incense is needed before the consecration, the MC adds it.

Sursum Corda, Preface, Sanctus, and Benedictus:

Th stands in position at south side of altar next to MC, allowing the Thurible to have a short, very gentle swing from side to side.


  • Right after the Benedictus, the MC gives the signal to kneel in place.
  • Thurible is in hand with short chain in preparation for the Consecration.
  • The elements are censed during the Consecration. Censing might NOT be with the Celebrant’s kneeling and/or with the bells. The first double is done as the priest rises from firstgenuflection, the second when the element is raised, and the third immediately following.


Thurible is held and very gently swung or it can rest on steps – one or two up from where Th iskneeling.


  • At the beginning of the Agnus Dei, the MC gives the signal to stand.
  • Th goes to the center, genuflects and exits through altar gate with TT following.
  • Coals & incense are dumped into the pail of water, and Th returns to stand near Bishop’s throne to receive communion. (Th may be asked to count in All Saints’ Chapel if Cr is unavailable.)
  • After receiving communion, Th exits again to for cleanup, making sure the smoke sacristy door isclosed to block out any noises.

POST-COMMUNION PRAYER, BLESSING, and DISMISSAL: Thurifer reenters and kneels on the bottom step next to TT.


• When SM kiss the altar and descend the steps for the lineup, the Th lines up to the left of the Sub-Deacon. (TT pick up torches and stand outside railing.)

[ altar ]

Th SD Cel D MC

• Th recesses with MC, following Verger, CM, Choir Clergy and TT.

AFTER FINAL PRAYERS (back by the Baptistry):

  • Th helps collect vestments from Clergy by holding both arms out for clergy to place vestments.(Avoid touching garments with your fingers which generally are dirty from charcoal!)
  • When exiting from the Baptistry, genuflect when passing the high altar, reverence (slight bow) at the side aisle (All Saints Altar) then continue out the North Door to the Smoke Sacristy.
  • Vestments are carried to the Vestment Sacristy and placed on the back of the chair by the desk.
  • Th finishes cleanup of thurible and and returns it to its place in the closet
  • If there are items remaining to be removed from the Sanctuary, Th helps in this process. (Thurifer’s cotta is removed and placed on a hook before going out to the Sanctuary.)
  • Items to be taken to the Sacristies: (Note: Box of Hosts remains on Credence; also the wine cruet if none was used.)
    • -Communion vessels go to the Working Sacristy
    • -Gospel Book, Missal, and Intercessions Notebook to Vestment Sacristy
    • -Missal Stand, Hymnals, and Alms Bason to Smoke Sacristy
  • Cotta is taken upstairs and hung with the other Thurifer Cottas. Cassocks are removed and placed on the rack with others of the same length, and cinctures are hung on the pegs designed for that purpose.


9am Chalice Minister

Chalice Minister wears a plain Surplice over the Cassock.

Occasionally the CM may be asked to serve as Crucifer as well as CM, since there is no conflict in these roles.

If there is a Festival (or Lenten) Procession with Congregation, CM may be asked to perform “traffic control” – along with TT- by peeling off when arriving at Pulpit (or Lectern) then stopping processing Congregants so Thurifer and all following can proceed uninterrupted to High Altar.

CM, along with other Servers should be prepared to assist MC with preparations.


• The CM follows the Verger and precedes Choir Clergy

• At the top of the Chancel steps, s/he peels off to the left, going to the stall directly behind the Crucifer, and stands facing the altar.

• At a signal by the MC, CM genuflects with the Sacred Ministers, & Choir


• Faces the Verger’s & Rector’s stalls directly across the Chancel during the Liturgy of the Word.

• Remains standing during: Opening Acclamation, Collect for Purity, Gloria, and Collect for the Day.

• Sits during: First Reading, Psalm, and Second Reading.

• Stands for Gospel Hymn. As the Gospel Book is carried down the center aisle, all turn and face the Book. As the Book is processed back, CM returns to position.

• Sits for Sermon.

• Stands for Creed and Prayers of the People.

• Kneels for Confession and Absolution.

• Stands for the Peace.

• Sits for the Offertory Anthem.


• CM stands and is ready to follow the persons carrying the Elements, taking a position at the left end of the Communion Rail. At a signal from the MC, CM genuflects with the others.

• CM moves inside the Communion Rail and stands at the foot of the steps at the North (left) end of the Altar. S/he is ready to ascend steps to receive the alms bason from the Sub-Deacon. The bason is placed on one of the small chairs nearby. Note: Nothing is to be placed on the Bishop’s throne at any time.

• When the Thurifer ascends the steps and hands the Thurible to the Celebrant, the CM ascends the steps, removes the Altar Book & stand, and goes to the position at the bottom of the steps. The Altar Book and stand are returned when the SM finish censing and they descend steps to the right.

• CM stands in position for Sursum Corda, Preface, Sanctus & Benedictus.

• CM kneels in place for the Consecration, Lord’s Prayer, Fraction, & Prayer of Humble Access

• CM rises at the Agnus Dei, along with the MC.


• After the Deacon has removed Consecrated Wine from the aumbry, CM ascends steps stopping at the second down from the top, and stands there to partake of Communion, prior to moving to All Saints’ Altar.

• After receiving HC, CM is given a Chalice by Cel or D and follows Priest/ Deacon to All Saints’ to administer HC to Congregants.

• The Chalice is administered, with the words, “The Blood of Christ, the Cup of Salvation.”

When administering the Chalice, the CM always has a secure-but-flexible grip on the Chalice which allows Communicants to guide and tip it, but not to have possession of it.

• The rim of the Chalice is wiped and turned between each Communicant.

If the Host has not been consumed when the Chalice arrives the CM takes the Host, dips it into the Chalice and places it on the tongue of the Communicant, saying “The Body & Blood of Christ preserve you unto Everlasting Life.” The Communicant should be discouraged from dipping it into the Chalice himself.

• When all have been served at the All Saints’ Altar, the Priest or Deacon will help serve hosts at the High Altar, but the CM generally does not. S/he places the Chalice on the Altar – on the Corporal – genuflects, and passing behind the choir, returns to stall behind Crucifer.

N.B. On rare occasions the CM is asked to take excess wine to the Sacristy. If so, it is important that it be poured down the Piscina, a special sink in the Sacristy. The chalice is rinsed and left there, covered with its pall.


• Kneel in stall.


• CM follows Verger & precedes Choir Clergy (if any).


• CM helps collect vestments from Clergy by holding both arms out for clergy to place vestments.

• Exit, pausing for Genuflection at the Center Aisle, Reverence (slight bow) at the side aisle (altar), then continuing out the North Door to the Smoke Sacristy.

• Vestments are carried to the Vestment Sacristy and placed on the back of the chair.

• The Surplice is removed and returned to the closet in the Vestment Sacristy.

• CM helps remove items from the Sanctuary. Communion vessels go to the Working Sacristy; Gospel Book, Missal, and Intercessions Notebook to Vestment Sacristy; and Hymnals and Alms to Smoke Sacristy. (Alms are placed in the safe.)


9am Subdeacon


  • Arrive 30 min. prior to the Mass.
  • Check the service order to note any changes.
  • Help the MC with setup if needed.
  • Check the Lesson (Epistle) assigned for the day, to be sure it is the the lesson prepared the night before.
  • Make sure the Lectionary has been taken to the Lectern.
  • Be vested 10 min. prior to the Mass
  • Accompany Cel & D to Smoke Sacristy for laying on of incense.


SD is the first of the three Sacred Ministers (SM), directly behind the MC. (See Server notes for diagram.) When the altar steps are reached, the lineup is as follows:

A Th SD Cel D MC A

At a signal from the MC, all genuflect. At a signal from the Cel., the SM ascend the steps and to bow over the altar. The Cel. kisses the altar, but D & SD do not.

SD Cel D

The 3 SM move to the side for the reading of the Collect for Purity. They are lined up in a diagonal line, slant “I”. The SD is standing on the Pavement.

The SM then move to the center into a straight “I” formation, prior to the Gloria.

As soon as the Cel says “Glory Be to God on High,” the SD and D move up to either side of the Cel. Censing is generally done during the Gloria, and the SD & D hold the edges of the Chasuble to keep it away from the thurible.

The Cel starts the censing of the altar in the center, moves to the right end of the altar,back to the center, to the left, and finally moves all the way to the right again. Whenmoving past the Cross at the center of the altar, SM pause briefly to reverence it. During censing the SM face the direction in which they are moving and walk forward so as to avoid “crab steps.” Movements of the Cel should not force the other SM to move to a lower step at the ends of the altar, but it happens sometimes. When the SM are all the way to the right for a 2nd time, the Cel hands the thurible to the D, as the D & SD move -in tandem as much as possible- to the floor for the censing of the Cel. D&SD jointly reverence the Cel before and after censing.

After censing the Cel, the SM once again return to the center, on their respective levels.

As the Cel reverences the altar before he turns to say, “The Lord Be With You,” the D & SD turn away from the center, take one step, then turn to face the altar. (This is so the Cel can be seen as he speaks.)


All then move right to form a straight “I” while the Cel reads the Collect for the Day.


At the end of the Collect the SM move to the Sedilia. D&SD help put the back of the Chasuble behind the Cel’s chair. (SD flips up back of his/her Tunicle before sitting.)

The Liturgy of the Word

SM are seated for the OT reading. (Done by a member of the Congregation.)

As the Psalm is sung, the SD stays seated until 2 or 3 verses before the Gloria Patri. At that point s/he walks to the center of the pavement, genuflects, and proceeds to the Lectern.

SD remains facing north – toward the pulpit – and bows during the Gloria Patri. At the end of the Psalm, s/he turns toward the Lectern and announces the reading. (The light should be turned on already, and should be left on after the reading.)

S/he concludes the reading with, “The Word of the Lord.”

SD returns to the front of the altar, genuflects (after the Thurifer has moved off to theside), and ascends the altar steps to move the Altar Book & stand from the Epistle side (right end) of the altar to a left-of-center position on the Gospel side. When passing the Crucifix, SD reverences with a brief bow of the head.

S/he descends steps to lineup position for Gospel procession.

[ altar ]


The MC leads the procession to midway down the center aisle and the others follow in this order:


When in place indicated by MC, SD turns and faces the altar; D faces West. SD holds out hands for the Deacon to place the Gospel Book. SD should stand so that Gospel Book is in line with the candles.

At the end of the Gospel, the D takes Gospel Book, elevates it, and returns it to the hands of the SD. The Book will be kissed and closed by the celebrant, whether he is standing nearby because he is preaching, or is back by the Sedilia. (SD closes Book if Cel does not.) In any case the SD leads the procession back. However, s/he does not genuflect or pause at the foot of the altar, but returns to the Sedilia and waits for the MC to take the Gospel Book and put it away. The SD sits in his/her chair during the sermon.

At the end of the sermon SM stand and SD leads SM to foot of steps facing the altar.

(There is no genuflection because the SM are not turning their backs to the altar.)

[ altar ]
SD Cel D

CREED : At the mention of the Incarnation, all genuflect with the right knee touching the floor (not the step.)

PRAYERS OF THE PEOPLE: SD & Cel remain standing in position as D leads prayers.

CONFESSION and ABSOLUTION: All kneel after D has returned to position.

PEACE: SD and D stand and turn to face each other while Cel faces Congregation. Cel turns to give peace to D first, then SD. (Hands are placed on shoulders, and lean toward Cel on right, then left.)

SM genuflect together and return to stand in front of Sedilia. They give the peace to the Acol. SD remains standing while incense is laid on for the offertory procession.

The Liturgy of the Eucharist:

OFFERTORY ANTHEM: SD and Cel sit while D prepares vessels. (Once again SD aids Cel with Chasuble.)


• SM stand and SD leads them to the foot of the altar steps where they genuflect, then turn to face the procession. When Cel steps forward to receive gifts, SD and D move forward also, but remain slightly behind him.

Note: When turning SD should always turn in toward the Cel.

• The Cel receives the alms bason and hands it to the SD; takes the flagon and passes it to the D; and takes the Ciborium himself.
The SM nod to processors, turn, and go up the steps carrying the offerings.

Note: SD should remove attendance slip from top of bason when handing it to the Cel. for elevation.

• After the Cel takes the alms and elevates them, they are returned to the SD who turns and hands the bason to the CM, who has come up to receive it.

SD then moves right to receive the water cruet from the MC.

  • The SD holds the cruet up to be blessed by the Cel, which occurs when D says, “Bless Reverend Father.” SD then pours some water from the cruet into the flagon.
  • SD passes the cruet back to the MC, and SD returns to position to the left of Cel.
  • Censing is next, with the same movements as during the Gloria. When the SM are all the way to the right for a 2nd time, the Cel hands the thurible to the D, as the D & SD move to the floor for the censing of the Cel., same as at the beginning of the mass.
  • As soon as the thurible is handed back to the Th., SD & D return to center, and the straight “I” formation facing the altar. (Cel stays at side for hand washing.)
  • D turns 90 degrees to the right for censing by Th, then turns left to face the altar.
  • SD turns 90 degrees to the right for censing by Th, then turns left to face the altar. (note: Th bows first, SD replies with a bow, is censed, then both bow again.)

• As the Cel reverences the altar before he turns to say, “The Lord Be With You,” the D & SD turn away from the center, take one step, then turn to face the altar.

• As the Cel turns to face the altar again, SD & D also turn, take one step to return to “I” formation.

SM remain in this position through the Proper Preface. At the words “Therefore with …”, SD & D join the Cel at the altar. (The D should pause a beat to allow the SD to “catch up.”)


  • SM are all facing the altar. (No angling in by SD & D.)
  • SM bow at the waist until “heaven & earth…”, but watch the Cel and stay with him.

• SM cross themselves at “Blessed…”, but again watch the Cel. PRAYER OF CONSECRATION:

  • SD and D angle in slightly toward the Cel and elements
  • SD is “pointing” for the Cel whenever SM are standing.
  • When Cel genuflects prior to elevating the host, SD & D, genuflect and remain down on one knee until Cel rises from the genuflection which follows the elevation.
  • These actions are repeated for the elevation of the chalice.
  • The SM will genuflect after the Doxology – “By whom and with whom…”- and final elevation. When they rise, they will face East, parallel to the Cel, not angled in.
  • SM remain standing during the Lord’s Prayer, the Fraction, and the Prayer of Humble Access.
  • At the Agnus Dei, the D will go to the Aumbry and bring consecrated hosts to the altar. (If the Cel has time, the SD will receive HC at this point.)


• As Cel turns to the Congregation with the elements held up, the SD and D turn to face the Cel and elements, and make the sign of the cross.


  • SD will receive a chalice from Cel, and when Cel & D go to administer Communion to the Acolytes, SD descends steps at the center to administer to half of those at the railing. (Right side as you face the congregation.)
  • SD administers the Chalice with the words, “The Blood of Christ, the Cup of Salvation.”
  • When administering the Chalice, the SD always has a secure-but-flexible grip on the Chalice which allows Communicants to guide and tip it, but not to have possession of it.
  • The rim of the Chalice is wiped and turned between each Communicant.
  • If the Host has not been consumed when the Chalice arrives the SD takes the Host, dips it into the Chalice and places it on the tongue of the Communicant, saying “The Body & Blood of Christ preserve you unto Everlasting Life.” The Communicant should be discouraged from dipping Host into the Chalice himself.
  • When all have been communicated, SD ascends steps to right of Cel and places Chalice on the Corporal; D is on the left.


  • MC brings up water; Acol are ready to remove vessels.
  • SD pours some water into the flagon at a signal from the Cel..
  • Cel & D add water to vessels, drink, & wipe vessels.
  • Cel passes vessels to SD, who passes them to MC.
  • SD pours water over Cel’s fingers for final ablutions.


  • When all vessels have been passed to MC, SD and D nod to one another.
  • • SD picks up veil and descends steps while D picks up Altar Book and stand.

When SD and D reach their step locations, they reverence, and then immediately ascend steps.


  • SD covers chalice and paten with pall and veil, then folds corporal and places it inside the burse. The burse is placed on top of the veiled chalice with the opening to the back.
  • SD carries veiled chalice down to pavement where it is taken by the MC. (MC should meet SD at vertical lineup position.)
  • SD remains on pavement in line behind D until end of prayer.



• At the end of the prayer, SM move to “I” formation at center.

• D and SD split for Cel to say, “Let us pray.”

SD and D kneel in place and Cel gives blessing.

  • D stands up and faces congregation for dismissal.
  • At “Thanks be to God,” SD rises to ascend steps.

• SM bow over altar, turn and descend steps.


• SD is in the same position in lineup as at the beginning of the mass.

[ altar ]
[ altar steps ]
Th SD Cel D MC

  • At the end of the “play-through” of the recessional hymn, the MC will signal for genuflection.
  • All turn to face the congregation.
  • SD follows MC in the recessional to the Baptistry.
  • At the end of the hymn and final prayers, SD goes up the south aisle, through the Lady Chapel – with just a reverence for the cross – to the Credence and gathers the Veiled Chalice to take to the Working Sacristy.
  • After removing vestments, but still in cassock, the SD checks with the MC to see if s/he needs assistance in anything.

9am Master of Ceremonies

PREPARATIONS: (If Acolytes are available, they should help.)

• MC should arrive by 8, or 8:15 at the latest, and check service bulletin for special processions, baptisms, or any other events which are not part of a regular Mass.

• Candles – on high altar & All Saints’ – usually light them first before the 8 AM Mass is into the Liturgy of the Eucharist.

• Remove blue cover-cloths after lighting candles. Cloths get put in Smoke Sacristy.

• Carry items to go onto Credence into the Smoke Sacristy to take out later.

• Set at Credence: (see diagram in first section, general notes)

-Veiled chalice – check for Priest’s Wafer and a total of 3 purificators
-2 extra chalices with palls
-Water and wine cruets labeled A for Aqua & V for Vino; check contents
-Small box with wafers

• Large Flagon and Ciborium for Offertory are set at end of shelf in front of sofes for Verger or usher to take to Baptistry.

• Water glasses to Pulpit and to Gradine within reach of Cel.

• Chasuble over altar rail if there is a procession.

• Check chairs at Sedilia to be sure they are far enough away from wall to provide room for vestments to be tucked over chair backs.

• Check – all servers present? Reader present? Sanctus bell ringer present?

• If there is no CM, and Crucifer cannot be CM, MC should be prepared to slip behind Reredos, to remove Altar Book during censing at Offertory.

• Count # of Eucharistic Ministers – five preferred; four doable if CM, as well as CC return to high altar after serving at All Saints. (The MC can administer a chalice in a pinch, but it is best if s/he is not used. Check with clergy for their preference.)

Altar Book – Check to see if ribbons have been set. They should be marked at: Opening Acclamation; Collect of the Day; Sursum Corda; Eucharistic Prayer A; Preface and Post-Communion Prayer. Check with Cel that he is satisfied with Book markings. Set on stand, closed, on south horn of high altar.

Binder with Creed and Prayers – Place on small bench next to MC’s chair. If not in Sacristy, it may need to be retrieved from the Lady Chapel. A copy of the BCP is not usually called for, but it can come in handy to have next to MC in case it is wanted by a SM.

Lesson book – set on Stone Lectern and open to first lesson of the day. If not in Sacristy, it may need to be retrieved from the Lady Chapel. Lights should be turned on at Lectern.

Service Bulletins – set out in stalls for Choir Clergy, CM, Cr, and Verger; in the Sanctuary for all servers to be available for Psalms. In addition, leave one in Smoke Sacristy for Thurifer.

Hymnals – one each for TT for Gospel Hymn; one for MC. Th can use one at TT chairs for Recessional hymn. SM generally do not carry hymnals in or out. Optional for MC when entering.

Some possible Reminders to servers:

– Everyone (except Cr): When exiting from the Baptistry at the end of the Mass, genuflect when passing the high altar, reverence (slight bow) at the side aisle (All Saints Altar) then continue out the North Door to the Smoke Sacristy.

– Crucifer: Count Communions at All Saints.

– Thurifer: When entering for Gospel Procession, try to time it so Acol can flank you for genuflection. (If Cr is also CM, then Th should be asked to count at All Saints.)

– Acolytes:
Gospel Procession:
• At end of Epistle, move quickly to foot of altar steps at the center, leaving just enough room for Th, and genuflect with him/her then move into position.
• Because fewer folks than in previous lineup, need go only to position of outside candle on altar, or even closer to middle.
• When following MC and heading out of sanctuary, come toward each other and turn west when both reach center of opening in altar rail.
• As Gospel is read, candles remain high to light Gospel book.
• When returning to base of altar steps, keep in mind number of people so as to not leave gaps.
genuflect for Incarnation, don’t kneel
– pause at altar gate so both can move together to meet Cr.

– Torchbearers:
• Candles are held high except when kneeling.
• Three separate elevations during Canon of Mass

For Feast day or Lenten processions:
Th and MC switch places for opening line-up at foot of altar steps, i.e., MC goes left and Th right, for greater ease of laying on of incense.
Acol/Cr positioning in Chancel at entry – “wheeling” in front of organ etc.
Check with clergy as to when censing of altar will take place – hymn? Gloria? Kyrie?
CM and/or TT – do “traffic control” – peel off near pulpit (near lectern during Lent)
Cr – If there is a Procession for a feast day or Lent, retrieve Cope at Offertory and take to Sacristy. (Also retrieve Copes from CC if Verger has not done so.)


• When all in procession reach foot of altar steps and D has placed Gospel book on the altar, MC signals genuflection by extending arm straight out, then lowers for all to move as arm descends.

• When SM ascend to altar, all other servers inside altar rail, turn south (right) and proceed to places at or near Credence. (Acol in front of their candles, MC in front of Credence, and Th at foot of steps to left of MC.) Torches exit to Smoke Sacristy, place lighted candles in rack, and return to stand in front of seats flanking Bishop’s Throne.

• SM in “slant I” formation for Opening Acclamation & Collect for Purity


• D & SD ascend to altar

• At a signal from the MC, Th ascends steps to hand Thurible to Cel, and MC removes Altar Book & stand. Both return to foot of steps.

• MC replaces Book after Cel has been censed by Deacon. (Optional: Turn ribbon so Book opens to Collect.) D hands Thurible to Th, who exits.


• SM in “I” formation at the south horn of the altar.
• Acol are in front of their candles; MC in front of Credence.
• At end of Collect, SM descend to Sedilia.
• MC assists D with Dalmatic

FIRST LESSON: read by someone from the Congregation

PSALM: sung by Choir and/or Congregation; SD leaves his/her chair and goes to Stone Lectern 2-3 verses prior to Gloria Patri, depending upon pace of music, length of psalm verses, etc.

EPISTLE: (read by SD)
When finished, SD returns to chancel to move Altar Book from south horn to left of center, then goes to lineup for Gospel procession. (SD waits for Th to enter and move to SM for laying on of incense before genuflecting.)

• At the end of the Epistle, when the congregation says, “The Word of the Lord,” Acolytes stand, take candles and move to foot of altar steps in the center. They genuflect with Th when s/he arrives between them, then move to usual place.
• Th has incense laid on, then takes usual position next to Acol on north side.
• SD returns from Lectern and moves Altar Book from Epistle side to Gospel side, then descends steps to stand in usual position. (Lineup is: Acol Th SD D MC Acol).
• D takes Gospel Book to Cel for blessing, then MC & D join lineup, with MC leading the way.
• MC cues genuflection; all turn and face west. MC leads the way down the center aisle followed by Acol, Th, SD, D
• MC stops approximately halfway down aisle, by floor register, and signals to Acol to stand in front of pews on both sides.
• Th stands East of Acol on North side.
• MC stands East of Acol on South side.
• SD turns to face the altar and extends hands for Deacon to place the Gospel Book.
• D announces Gospel Reading and censes Book.
• Gospel is read.
• SD leads Procession back, then MC and others follow in the same order as before.
• SD does not genuflect but proceeds directly to the Cel, hands Gospel to him for kiss, then book is closed and held by SD as s/he remains standing in front of sedilia.
• If Cel is preaching, he kisses book before Procession enters chancel; SD closes book and proceeds back to Sedilia without genuflecting.
• Acol, Th, D, (unless preaching) & MC, line up at altar steps, genuflect, and proceed to sedilia. (Th exits.)
• MC receives book from SD and places on lower shelf of table below Credence.

• All are seated during the sermon.
• Sometime during Sermon either D or Cel may ask to look at the Intercession book or ask for a BCP.
• At end of Sermon, all at Sedilia stand up.
• MC makes sure that D has intercession book.
• SM proceed to center at foot of altar steps for Creed, etc.
• MC and Acol move forward to stand next to bottom step on the side for Creed & Prayers of the People. TT are in corresponding position on opposite side.
• MC offers Service Leaflet to Acol if responses not memorized.
• Kneel at the same time as the SM for Confession and Absolution.

All stand, exchange peace. TT exit to retrieve candles. (If Acol are also doubling at TT, they take their candles and proceed to foot of altar steps.)

• Th and TT enter. TT remain outside of railing and Th passes through gate. All three genuflect together at MC’s cue.
• Th goes to SM for laying on of incense carrying Thurible in left hand and boat in right hand to pass to D. (After laying on of incense, D passes boat to MC to put on table below Credence unless Th has a strong preference for carrying the boat.).
• Th returns to base of steps at center; MC cues genuflection for Th and TT, who then exit down South aisle to Baptistry. (Th does not swing Thurible.)
• Cel, SD and MC sit during Anthem.
• Deacon sets the table then returns to seat. MC assists with Deacon’s Dalmatic.
• At end of Anthem, Offertory Procession heads up aisle.
• SM leave Sedilia, go to base of altar steps, genuflect and turn to receive gifts.
• MC assures that TT are standing at first open spaces in altar rail; signals TT to genuflect with bearers of Offertory Elements.
• MC picks up Water Cruet (Checks to see Cruet is labeled “A”, for aqua.)
• SD gives offertory bason to CM, then proceeds to other end of altar to receive Water Cruet from MC. (If there is no CM, bason is handed to MC.)
• SD pours water into Flagon at signal from Cel.
• SD returns Water Cruet to MC, and returns to his/her place on Cel’s left.
• MC carries Cruet back to position on Credence.
• Th waits for signal from MC to ascend steps

• Censing of Altar – CM removes Altar Book and stand, replaces when Cel hands off Thurible to D.
• D censes Cel.
• Acol take Lavabo Bowl, Purificator and water to Cel for hand washing. (If no Acol, MC goes to Cel with bowl in left hand, purificator over left arm, and with right hand pours water from Cruet over fingers of Cel.)
• Th censes D with 2 doubles, SD with one double; moves on to cense other servers, Choir Clergy, Choir, & Congregation.
• MC sets out kneelers for Acol, Th, and MC.
• If needed, MC lays on more incense after Th returns to place

All remain standing.

• MC signals all to kneel.
• Remain kneeling during Lord’s Prayer, Fraction, and Prayer of Humble Access.
• Remind Th, if needed, re censing at 3 elevations – host, chalice, and at end, during “by whom and with whom, in the unity of the Holy Spirit…” as priest elevates elements.
• TT also elevate their candles at the three times Cel does elevations.

• All servers stand – signal to TT if necessary
• TT wait and genuflect at the same time as Th.
• TT wait for Th to pass between them, then follow to Smoke Sacristy, putting lighted candles in stand for later use. When TT re-enter,the person entering first goes to farther seat to assure smooth movement.
• Th empties Thurible and re-enters to receive HC.
• MC takes two empty chalices, covered with palls, and places them on the altar.

• CC & CM administer Communion at All Saints; when finished, CC administers host at high altar and CM places chalice upon the Corporal on the high altar, genuflects, and returns to stall.
• Acol stand in front of their candles as they receive communion, and then count Communicants. Acol divide up the counting using the green middle line as a divider. MC is responsible for counting all Servers & SM.
• If Cr hasn’t moved to All Saints altar to count, see if staring at him/her will work! If not, CM can usually provide a guesstimate.

• MC gets water cruet, ascends steps and stands to the right of the SD. (Leave room for SD if s/he is still administering chalice.)
• At a signal from the Cel, SD pours water into Flagon. (Water Cruet remains on altar until after Cel’s ablutions.)
• Acol come up to end of altar when signaled by MC.
• MC gives one item to each Acol, they turn together and descend steps, then return for additional vessels.
• SD and D exchange places w/ veil and book in hand, respectively; SD veils chalice
• Acol draw near to bottom step, kneel at “Let us pray.”
• MC moves to pavement to meet SD at his/her position in lineup, receives veiled chalice and carries it to the Credence.
• MC joins Acol kneeling for Prayer of Thanksgiving.

• All remain kneeling as SD & D kneel for Blessing by Cel.
• D stands and gives dismissal.
• All stand. SM ascend to altar. TT exit to pick up lighted candles & return to places outside rail.
• Acolytes pick up candles and go to meet Cr. Remind nearer acolyte to wait at gate for other acolyte to reach center before stepping out.
• MC and Th pick up hymnals and join lineup – Th SD Cel D MC
• MC signals genuflection after play through of hymn.
• All turn. Cr & Acol lead Recession followed by Choir, Verger, CM & Choir Clergy.
• Torches face each other and at signal from MC, meet at center, turn, and walk out together, following Choir Clergy.
• MC & Th meet at center, turn, and walk out together, following Torches.
• All gather in Baptistry, in front of Font for prayer by Cel.

• SD goes to fetch veiled chalice to take to Working Sacristy.
• MC, CM, and Th can receive vestments and return them to Vesting Sacristy.
• MC gets counts from Acol and Cr, if not done previously.
All servers remove vessels and take to Working Sacristy.
• Money is put in safe.
• Altar Book back to cupboard in Sofe. (Lesson book should stay; can turn the page back to first lesson if you have time.)
• Binder for Creed and Prayers is returned to its place in the Sacristy at the left end of the vesting altar.
• Water glasses – remove glass from high altar; can leave preacher’s if plenty left.
• Return notebook of 9AM Mass back to cupboard in sofe.
• Record number present, number of communions, and write initials in “Server” column in book on desk in Vesting Sacristy.
• Check upstairs to be sure all cassocks and cottas have been hung up.

Liturgical Customary: Afterword

Liturgy, as a human institution, is dynamic. While it celebrates the unchanging Eternity of God, liturgy itself is constantly evolving. The ceremonial set forth in this volume is not meant to be construed as having been dictated on stone tablets by a mighty voice, or, for that matter, a still small one. Nor is it presented as the one and only correct way of doing things. Practical necessity, such as architectural restrictions or unexpected contingencies, may prescribe variations in other times and places. There is the famous story of a Christmas Eve Midnight Mass during which a tree placed in the sanctuary caught fire. A commendably calm acolyte fetched the fire extinguisher, doused the flame, and went back to his place in the liturgy; all with the proper reverence and so smoothly that a visitor afterwards commented to the Rector that she loved “the ceremony of the burning bush”!

Other accidents of nature may from time to time intrude upon ceremonial. The potent symbolism of taking the Rogation Procession outdoors must revert to more subtle imagery when a spring downpour forces the procession to remain inside. Perhaps this is God’s own sense of humor at work. That He has a sense of humor is evident from the fact that He created the cats who have from time to time visited the Advent during Divine Worship, leading to the solemn rite (not included in this volume) of the Removal of the Cat, wherein the Acolyte shall reverently transfer the animal to the possession of an usher, who shall gently deposit the cat in the garden; this ritual to be repeated five minutes later when the cat inevitably comes back in.

One thing liturgy is not is a stage for individual performance. The purpose of undifferentiated vestments is to impose anonymity; each server’s personality, with all its quirks and qualities good and bad, must give way to the corporate standard and practice. Despite the temptation presented to the thurifer in a Solemn Procession with “360’s,” or to the Sacred Ministers wearing the glorious vestments of high feast days, there are no “stars” in worship. Even the Celebrant is simply fulfilling his appointed office. Nothing that happens in the liturgy should call attention to the person(s) carrying out the action – everything is directed, and should draw all the senses, to God.

Liturgy is subject to human failings, however. Perhaps the thurifer will absent-mindedly go up the wrong aisle, or out the west door when he was supposed to go around the corner. Rather than leave him to his own embarrassment, the graceful solution is simply to follow him, and hope to right his course with a discreet whisper or two before the procession finds itself heading toward the Public Garden. We may take our cue from cats, who (when not paying their respects to the High Altar) have the gift of falling off the back of the sofa and making it look as if they intended to do that all along. In short, rather than call attention to our mistakes, we try to carry on with minimal disruption to the flow of the service. It is the intention, rather than the execution, that matters; the enthusiastic but tone-deaf communicant may be making a frightful racket to his more musically inclined pew-mate’s ear, but in his own heart he is making a joyful noise unto the Lord, and that is what counts. And so we offer our worship to God with sincere hearts and the prayer that He will accept our offerings of prayer and praise and “pardon the imperfection of our service.”

Mercifully hear us, O Father, as we plead the sacrifice of Thy Son, our Saviour Jesus Christ, and grant that the feebleness of our intention may be perfected in the fullness of that intention wherewith He offered himself upon the altar of the Cross; who now liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.



Solemn or Low Mass set-up. (Verify color with clergy – either white, black, or purple.) The celebrant will wear a chasuble if it is a mass, otherwise, he will wear surplice and tippet. Provide extra stoles in the appropriate color for assisting clergy.
If the liturgy is a low mass, the chalice should be placed in the center of the altar on the unfolded corporal. The veil should be arranged neatly and the burse should be laid flat on the altar.

Lectionary on lectern – check lessons in service leaflet. They may not be in the lectionary. Use the Bible or ask office staff to print them up on the computer.

Service leaflets at sedilia, on the altar, in the clergy stalls.

Missal on the altar set for the Preface of the Dead. There is a separate version of the canon with the prayer for the departed already included.

Gospel book on table below credence or in crucifer’s stall.

Transfer the Sacrament to the High Altar and place the tabernacle veil on the Sacrament House.

Paschal candle at head of coffin or table for ashes.

If the body is present:

  • Pall for coffin (either white or purple)
  • Four bier lights and coffin stand

If the body has been cremated:

  • Two bier lights
  • Table covered with child’s pall and extra chalice veil for container with ashes

Aspersorium with Holy water

Thurible with lighted coals (be sure sextons have turned off fire alarm)

Light all candles and hanging lamps at least 15 minutes prior to the service.

Families often bring extra flowers. Be prepared to place them discreetly in visible places. Good places are the crossing, the floor in front of the table for the ashes, and the table at the back of the church by the guest book. Flower stands are behind reredos and in flower room.

Cloak, biretta, and container of earth at back of church if Cel is to accompany body to cemetery.

The festal brass cross is customarily used at funerals.

Determine if the All Saints’ Altar will be used for a communion station. If so, remove the dust cover and light the candles and lamp.
Prayer book for Cel and all assisting. The collect is NOT in the missal.

If the tailors are to be rung, the MC or appointed server must ring the altar gong, Sanctus bell in the fleche, or the hand carillon. Verify the correct times to ring during the canon.

Sextons should place service leaflets at the doorways. They may also move the cushion at the altar rail into place after the invitation to communion if there are no ushers. Count people attending before the service begins.

Check to see that the family or people requesting the funeral have arrived. It is a good idea to start just a few minutes late. Family members or friends may read a lesson. Show them the lectern and explain when they will get up to read. Remember that they are grieving and also may be unchurched. They may need prompting. If a friend or family member is to say a few words about the departed, they may do this either in place of the homily or after the post communion prayer and before the hymn. They will likewise need instruction.

The clergy and servers enter from Moseley Hall door. The body is received at the back of the church and covered with the pall. The celebrant may invite the people to stand for these prayers.

Cel begins to read the anthems, as Cr leads procession down the main aisle. Choir clergy follow Cr (and AA), Cel, (preceded by SMs and MC) and then pallbearers with the coffin.

Crucifer and choir clergy go to their stalls. AA, MC and SMs go to pavement to wait for Cel. Cel waits at bier until coffin is placed on stand, and then proceeds to pavement. MC cues ALL, including pallbearers to genuflect. MC and AA go to sedilia and credence.

Cel goes to footpace, kisses the altar, turns to congregation for salutation, goes to epistle horn and reads collect. Cel then goes to sedilia.


Cel may lead the liturgy of the word from the choir and go to altar at the offertory.

The person appointed reads the first lesson.

The psalm or hymn is then led by Cel or assisting person.

Second lesson if appointed.

Psalm or hymn.

During the last verse of this hymn, the Gospeler and the person appointed to hold the book make a procession to the choir steps. Be careful not to take up position until the person reading the second lesson has returned to the choir. The person with the book stands down one step and faces east. The Gospeler reads the Gospel in the customary manner.

The Sermon is often preached from same place. The Creed and prayers may be led from this position also.

The Apostles’ Creed, intercessions for the departed, (and Confession of Sin) may also be led from the foot of the altar steps.
Offertory Hymn. Cel and assisting clergy move to the altar in correct processional order, line up at the foot of the steps and genuflect. Cel will normally go directly to the footpace while assisting clergy take up position on either side of the altar. MC will need to place kneeling cushions for them. AA bring up the flagon, ciborium and water cruet at this time. An assisting priest may assist with preparing the table. AA assist at the lavabo as usual.

Canon of the mass (Preface of the Dead) Interpolation in the canon.

The peace is said as the fraction anthem.

Agnus Dei – grant them rest/rest everlasting.

If there are no ushers, MC or the A not needed to assist with the chalice must move center cushion at the communion rail. MC appoints a server to count communions. Servers licensed to administer the chalice will be needed if there are not enough clergy.
As soon as communion starts, the thurifer goes to the smoke sacristy to prepare the thurible. There are usually a small number of communions, so there is not much time. It may be wise to light some coals before the service and just add an additional one at this time. The thurifer may need to be communicated after the service. The MC is responsible for asking the celebrant or assisting priest to do this.

The ablutions take place as usual. If there is no SD an A brings the cruet to the altar, pours water into the vessels, and cleanses the Cel’s fingers. If there is only one server, he or she may need to make two trips. Cel or MC may move book to epistle horn for the post-communion prayer.

Proper post-communion prayer.

Hymn, during which Cel, MC (AA, SMs) line up at foot of altar steps. Server enters with lighted thurible and joins line up. MC brings aspersorium. After laying on, they genuflect on MC’s cue, turn, and led by thurifer, proceed in ceremonial order to east end of choir. CEL in center, thurifer on side closest to smoke sacristy and MC to other side. Other assisting clergy may take places in front of choir stalls. AA stand at west end of choir in front of clergy stalls and face across until joined by crucifer. If there is a crucifer in addition to the thurifer, s/he moves to the west end of the bier after the commendation is said.

At conclusion of hymn, Cel walks around coffin counter-clockwise, sprinkling with holy water, then hands off aspersorium, takes thurible and repeats circuit around coffin, while censing. (ALL say the Lord’s Prayer softly during censing.) If there are ashes only, Cel may remain on the east side of the table and sprinkle from that position. Cel walks around table for censing.

Commendation follows as in BCP. Servers join in saying antiphon.

At conclusion of commendation, thurifer returns thurible to smoke sacristy, and then takes up cross and stands at west end of choir. This is the cue for the person in the tower to begin ringing the tailors. There will be a pause while the bell gains momentum.
Nine tailors, (or six, or three) is rung.

Upon conclusion, Cel bids people to go forth in peace. Cr turns and leads altar party down to floor of nave, where ALL turn and wait for pallbearers to retrieve coffin. ALL genuflect with palbearers.

When pallbearers are ready, Cel begins reading anthems, and ALL turn and exit church the long way, led by Cr.
ALL go to hearse, and wait until body is placed within and door is shut.

Cel may accompany body to cemetery. Black cloak, biretta, and container of earth should be ready at back of church.


These notes may be used in combination with the above notes, or used alone in the case of a requiem or memorial service without the body present.

In this parish, it is customary to use the term requiem to refer to a mass celebrated with black vestments. If the color is white, it is called a Mass of the Resurrection.

If the color of the mass is white, flowers are appropriate, and all the ritual follows custom, with torches carried and incense used at entrance, Gospel and offertory.

If the color of the mass is black flowers are not appropriate. Incense is used only at the offertory and only the celebrant is censed. Acolytes carry torches at the entrance and exit only, but not at the Gospel.

The flagon and ciborium are placed at the credence.

The American Missal is used for this mass. The text for the canon with the interpolation may be placed in the Altar Book instead if desired. The collect is not in the Altar Book, so a service leaflet must be placed on the altar or the collect placed in the Altar Book.
If required by the musical setting, the MC places a note in the missal reminding Cel to wait for the singing of the Pie Jesu after the Great Amen and before the Pater Noster.


ALL enter the short way via the north door (thurifer enters without thurible and follows verger.)

ALL lineup at foot of altar steps and genuflect on MC’s cue as usual.

SMs go to footpace and kiss altar, and then immediately go into center “I” formation and turn right and form slanted “I” formation for Introit, Collect for Purity and Summary of the Law. SMs then turn left and move to center for Kyrie. At conclusion of Kyrie, SMs split into open “I” for salutation and move to epistle horn as usual for collect(s). (Depending upon the musical setting, the Introit and Kyrie may be one movement. The intervening portions of the mass are then omitted. SMs kiss the altar and D and SD go into place behind the celebrant as at the end of the Gloria. They remain in this position through the end of the Kyrie.)

Since there are usually only two lessons, the subdeacon will go immediately to center, genuflect and go to lectern to read. ALL remain seated for the singing of the Gradual and Tract.

If the Dies Irae is to be sung, the SD returns to the altar and moves the book, and then returns by the epistle horn to the sedilia to await the MC’s cue to move. At the appropriate point, (usually Libera me, Domine, or Worthless are my tears and sighing), MC cues ALL to stand, A1, without candle, leads out SD, D, MC, A2, without candle. MC cues ALL to genuflect, and Gospel procession is as usual, except without thurifer and censing.

The Sermon may be preached from the pulpit.

The Apostles’ Creed follows, as is proper for Requiem Masses.

Intercessions for the departed, followed by the confession of sin.

The celebrant may make announcements after the absolution.

At the offertory, D takes chalice to altar and sets table as per custom. When finished, D steps to usual position at altar, (right of center) and Cel and SD go to center, genuflect and ascend steps. SD goes behind Cel to epistle horn to be met by AAs with ciborium of people’s wafers, flagon of wine and cruet of water. SD takes ciborium and hands it to D, who hands it to Cel. SD takes flagon, places it on altar, and takes cruet for commixture. D then places pours wine into the chalice and places flagon on corporal. SD returns cruet to A, bows to AAs, and returns to Cel’s left. AAs return to credence together.

Thurifer enters with thurible containing lighted coals, genuflects at center, and proceeds to footpace by epistle horn for laying on. TH hands thurible to Cel and goes to sedilia.

The elements, cross and altar are censed as usual, except that after Cel is censed, D and SD are not censed. ALL take positions for beginning of canon.

The canon proceeds as usual (preface for the departed). If it is to be sung, the Pie Jesu follows the Great Amen and precedes the Lord’s Prayer.

Instead of the Pascha nostrum, the fraction anthem is “the Peace.”.

In the Agnus Dei, the words “have mercy upon us” are changed to “grant them rest”, and the final line is “grant them rest everlasting.”

In some musical settings, the Communion sentence follows immediately on the Agnus Dei. The Invitation to communion is given after the sentence has been sung.

There is a proper post-communion prayer, and then the blessing, which may be omitted. The CEL, facing the people, says, “May they rest in peace,” to which the people respond, “Amen.” There is no dismissal. The altar party lines up at the steps, genuflects on MC’s cue and turns to leave the short way via processional door.


It is possible to celebrate the funeral liturgy using an MC, thurifer, and two AA. The thurifer may act as crucifer at the entrance and exit. The AA may attend the Gospeler, with or without torches, as appropriate. The thurifer may hold the book at the Gospel, or, if incense is used at this point, the MC will hold the book.

If the altar is to be censed at the offertory, an assisting priest and the thurifer will hold the edges of the chasuble, while the MC removes the missal and stand.. If there is no assisting priest, an A and thurifer hold the chasuble.

AA stand with crucifer at coffin. They accompany crucifer during entrance and exit processions.

Further variations are possible depending upon servers available. A crucifer, additional chalice ministers, and torches may be added as appropriate. There is usually not a collection or offertory procession at a funeral, however. CMs are necessary only if there are insufficient clergy. In cases of necessity, the celebrant may assign an unlicensed person to administer the chalice, but this should be avoided.


• Verify vestment requests with clergy and Flower Guild
• Solemn or Low Mass set-up as appropriate
• If not a Mass, officiant will wear surplice, stole and cope
• Cushions for bride and groom to kneel (or may use usual altar rail cushion)
• Chapel chairs from crypt placed on nave floor in front of pews for wedding party
• If wedding party is to be seated in chancel for the Liturgy of the Eucharist, they sit in South choir stalls.
• If there is a Choir, they sit in the North choir stalls (opposite the organ console).
• Small table inside altar rail on Epistle side for holy water and paten
• Paten with small purificator and aspersorium to bless rings
• Lectionary or readings for lectern
• Prayer books for all participants

Organist will begin prelude usually 15 minutes before service. Upon cue from officiant at smoke sacristy door, organist begins processional music.


Officiant, [assisting clergy] and server(s) enter from the smoke sacristy door and genuflect at gate. Officiant turns and goes to top of choir steps to await wedding party while server(s) [and assisting clergy] go to place[s] at sedilia [/clergy stalls].

Bridegroom and attendants enter from the North Door and line up to the right (Epistle side) at the foot of the choir steps.

When the men are in place, the bridal procession enters from the library/back of the church. The bridesmaids line up at foot of choir steps toward the left (Gospel side).

Officiant delivers the charge and witnesses the declaration of consent. After the congregational affirmation, Officiant reads the collect from the Prayer Book.

The Lesson(s) follow, usually read by a member of the wedding party except for the Gospel which is read by the Officiant [or assisting clergy].

A homily may follow the Gospel. After the homily, or after the Gospel if there is no homily, the officiant leads the wedding party to the altar rail.

Server meets officiant at the gate. The server may hold the officiant’s prayer book if necessary.

For the Blessing of the Ring(s), server holds paten and groom’s attendant places ring(s) on it. Server, carrying aspersorium and paten, and officiant ascend to the altar. Officiant blesses ring(s) with holy water and officiant and server descend to gate.

The marriage proceeds as set forth in the Prayer Book. After the prayers, blessing, and Peace, wedding party retires to choir stalls.

Officiant/Celebrant and server(s) prepare the altar [assisting clergy may act as deacon here]. The bride and groom may bring up the bread and wine, otherwise the elements are brought up from the credence.

The Canon of the Mass proceeds as usual. The Proper Preface of Marriage is used. A server may ring the hand-held Sanctus bell if the tower bell is not used.
The bride and groom are the first to receive Communion after the Celebrant has communicated.

After the ablutions, the wedding party returns to the altar rail for the Post-communion prayer, blessing, and dismissal.

Following the dismissal, the clergy and server[s] go to the foot of the altar steps and genuflect, turn, and face the congregation.

The wedding party leaves to a fanfare via the main aisle. Server[s] and clergy leave via the smoke sacristy.

The servers, [choir and] and clergy enter from the North Door in the normal Sunday order. The bridegroom and his attendants follow the Celebrant.

The Thurifer, Crucifer, Acolytes, [Choir], [Choir clergy], MC, and SMs go to their accustomed places. D places Gospel Book on altar per custom. If one or more of the Sacred Ministers is involved in the Declaration of Consent, they may stop at top of choir steps instead of going to altar steps. If a Choir cleric is presiding at the Declaration of Consent, he stops at top of choir steps and faces the congregation. ALL genuflect.

Bridegroom and groomsmen go to foot of choir steps and line up to the right (the Epistle side).

When the bridegroom and his attendants are in place, the bridal procession enters from the library/back of the church. The bridesmaids line up at foot of choir steps toward the left (Gospel side).

SMs turn to face wedding party, and CEL or Officiant delivers the charge and witnesses the Declaration of Consent.

After the affirmation of the congregation, Introit, Kyrie, and Gloria may follow. SMs proceed to the altar to venerate and cense altar and pray the collect in the usual manner. [Note, the Collect for Marriage is NOT in the Altar Book; it will have to be photocopied and clipped into the page.]

ALL are seated after the collect. Chapel chairs are placed in front of pews for wedding party.

After the lessons are read and sermon preached, the wedding party forms up at the foot of the choir steps and proceeds through the choir to the communion rail during the “traveling music.” MC may need to cue organist to begin music. SMs form up above rail to meet them. MC places kneeling cushions for bride and groom, then brings aspersorium and paten for the rings.

The marriage itself follows, then the prayers. Omit the Lord’s Prayer if Communion is to follow.

The bride and groom kneel for the blessing. After the Peace, the wedding party moves to the South choir stalls for the nuptial mass. MC removes cushions.

Offertory follows with or without procession.

If incense is used, the bride and groom are censed together as a couple and then the other members of the wedding party as a group. Then assisting clergy, the choir, and congregation.

Canon (preface of marriage)

Proper post-communion prayer and blessing

Wedding party leaves the long way to west door led by bride and groom. Altar party exits via North door (remind sexton to make sure door is open at end) after genuflecting.

Daily Mass

Candles (2 on lower retable, not ornamental row of six) lit.

On credence: wine and water cruets, lavabo bowl and towel, [breadbox as requested by priest].

Missal on Epistle horn of altar (priest will set it).

Lectionary on lectern; lections set by priest.

Service cards at altar, lectern, and in stalls; Prayer Books (1928 large print) in stalls marked for Psalm of the Day.

Chalice on vesting altar in sacristy with tabernacle key and intercessions book.

Server wears black cassock and vests in plain cotta or surplice after lighting candles and placing vessels at credence.

The Service:
Celebrant and server say preparatory prayer in sacristy.

When the Mass is scheduled to begin, server leads celebrant out through smoke sacristy, pausing to ring warning bell at sacristy door.

Server leads celebrant past High Altar, pausing to reverence, and into Lady Chapel. Server goes to Epistle Horn at foot of steps. Celebrant stops in center at foot of steps. Both genuflect. Celebrant goes to footpace, places chalice on altar, spreads corporal, then goes to Epistle Horn to begin Mass:

Opening Acclamation
Collect for Purity
[Summary of the Law]
Kyrie or Gloria in Excelsis
Collect of the Day/[Season]

Celebrant then goes to Epistle-side stall and sits. Server turns around to lectern for first lesson. Server waits for Celebrant to be seated before turning to lectern and beginning to read.

After lesson, server goes to Gospel side stall. Celebrant or server (as appointed) leads Psalm, responsive or unison as directed.

After Psalm, Celebrant and server rise. Celebrant goes to center at foot of steps. Server passes behind Celebrant. Both reverence. Server goes to Epistle Horn to move book to Gospel side of center. Server goes to Epistle-side kneeler and stands for Gospel.

Server may be seated for homily. Server stands again and goes to Epistle-side kneeler for Intercessions. If Celebrant bids the prayers facing the congregation at the foot of the steps, the server faces in. If the Celebrant bids the prayers from the top of the steps, server faces East.

Kneel for Confession and Absolution. Stand for Peace.

At Offertory, server goes to credence, Celebrant to footpace to prepare chalice. Server will bring breadbox if directed. Celebrant offers bread using the prayers on the service card. Server removes stoppers from cruets and holding wine cruet in right hand and water cruet in left, brings them to Celebrant at Epistle horn. Server hands wine cruet to Celebrant and transfers water cruet to right hand; receives wine cruet with left hand and hands water cruet to Celebrant, then transfers wine cruet to right hand and receives water cruet with left hand. Celebrant adds water to chalice using commixture prayer (“By the mystery of this water and wine …”). Celebrant returns to center to offer chalice, using the prayers on the service card.

Server returns to credence, replaces wine cruet; places towel over left forearm, holds lavabo bowl in left hand and water cruet in right hand, and returns to Epistle horn to wash hands of Celebrant who has come to Epistle horn. After lavabo Celebrant returns to center and server replaces bowl, towel, and cruet to credence and goes to Epistle-side kneeler.

Canon of the Mass:
Celebrant turns (clockwise) to congregation to begin Sursum Corda. After Sursum Corda Celebrant turns back (counterclockwise) to altar and begins the Preface. At the words “Therefore with Angels and Archangels …” server kneels and takes up mallet. During the Sanctus, server rings bell THREE TIMES during “Holy, Holy, Holy …”. At end of phrase “until His coming again,” server rings bell ONCE.

For Words of Institution, after Consecration of Bread, Celebrant genuflects, elevates Host, and genuflects again. Server rings bell THREE TIMES, corresponding with Celebrant’s actions. Same process repeated with Chalice.

Celebrant genuflects again after Doxology of Canon and bids Lord’s Prayer. The Fraction follows, then Prayer of Humble Access and Agnus Dei. If it is necessary to use the Reserved Sacrament, the Celebrant opens the Tabernacle during the Agnus Dei.

Celebrant turns clockwise to show the Sacrament to the people and bids the Invitation (“Behold the Lamb of God …” etc.) Server leads congregation in response (“Lord I am not worthy …”), then rings bell ONCE.

Celebrant communicates himself, then server, in both kinds.

After receiving Communion, server retires to credence. When all Communions are completed, Celebrant returns to footpace. Server brings up water cruet from credence (remembering to remove stopper).

Ablutions take place over corporal. Server pours water into chalice, then over Celebrant’s fingers into chalice. Server then returns cruet to credence and goes to center at foot of steps, ascends to Celebrant’s left to pick up Missal, descends to foot of steps at center, bows, and ascends to Epistle horn to place Missal, then descends to foot of steps and crosses to Gospel-side kneeler for Postcomunion Prayer.

Celebrant cleanses vessels, revests chalice, and goes to Epistle horn for Postcommunion Prayer. At conclusion of Prayer, Celebrant closes Missal and goes to center for Blessing and Dismissal.

Server kneels for Postcommunion Prayer, Blessing, and Dismissal. After Dismissal, server rises. Celebrant picks up chalice and descends to foot of steps, then faces East. Both genuflect, then turn. Server leads Celebrant out of Lady Chapel via High Altar (the way by which they entered). Final prayer follows in priests’ sacristy. Server removes cotta/surplice and returns to Lady Chapel for cleanup. Celebrant removes chasuble and stole and comes out by way of All Saints Chapel to Lady Chapel entrance to greet congregation.

Either Celebrant or server may record attendance and communion counts in the service register. It is courteous for the server to wait for the Celebrant to return to the sacristy before departing, unless otherwise directed by the Celebrant (who may have an early appointment or other commitment).

The Daily Office

What follows are guidelines for the recitation of the Daily Office at the Church of the Advent. Items in [square brackets] are optional. Page numbers refer to the Anglican Service Book.

Please vest in a black cassock. Be prepared both to lead the Office and read the Lessons should the appointed clergy not be available.

Announce that MORNING PRAYER begins on page 38 “of the black Anglican Service Book.”

[STAND for Opening Sentence (choose one according to the Season), pp. 32-36.]

STAND for the opening versicle and response and Gloria Patri, p. 38, and “Praise ye the Lord”; the Antiphon (choose one according to the Season), pp. 39-41; the Venite and Gloria Patri, p. 41; repeat Antiphon. NOTE: During Lent, use the traditional Venite on p. 559; during Eastertide, use the Pascha Nostrum, p. 42-43, without antiphons.

SIT for Psalms of the day (morning), (Psalter begins on p. 445), followed by the Gloria Patri. Special Psalms are appointed for Major Holy Days and Sundays. (Where more than one psalm is appointed, the Gloria Patri is used after each Psalm. The sections of Psalm 119 are treated as a single Psalm. In reciting the Psalter, “a distinct pause” should be observed at the asterisk.)

SIT for OT Lesson as appointed on Desk Calendar (should be in your stall; if not, look in one of the clergy stalls). A definite pause should follow the reading of each lesson.

STAND for the first Canticle. The weekday rotation of this Canticle is as follows:
Mon: Ecce Deus, p. 58
Tue: Benedictus es, p. 46
Wed: Surge, illuminare, p. 60 (in Lent: Kyrie Pantocrator, p. 60)
Thu: Cantemus Domino, p. 57 (in Lent: Kyrie Pantocrator, p. 60)
Fri: Quaerite Dominum, p. 59
Sat: Benedicite, p. 44
Sundays and Major Feasts: Te Deum, p. 47 (in Lent: Kyrie Pantocrator, p. 60)

SIT for the NT Lesson as appointed on Calendar.

STAND for the Benedictus Dominus Deus, p. 46, and Gloria Patri;

STAND for the Apostles’ Creed, p. 49, said facing East (the High Altar);

KNEEL for the Prayers, beginning with the Our Father, p. 50, and Suffrages, pp. 50-51, followed by the Collects:

Collect for the Day (either weekly Proper or Major Feast)
Collect for Peace, p. 51
Collect for Grace, p. 52
**Use 3 Collects only. However, during Advent and Lent the Seasonal Collect (Advent Sunday and Ash Wednesday, respectively) may be used in addition to the 3 set collects.**
KNEEL for the Grace, p. 56.

Announce that EVENING PRAYER begins on page 71 “of the black Anglican Service Book.”

STAND for Opening Sentence (Seasonal), pp. 68-69 (or use the ones from Morning Prayer, pp. 32-36).

STAND for the opening versicle and response and Gloria Patri, p. 71.

STAND for the hymn, “O Gracious Light,” p. 71.

SIT for Psalms of the day (evening), (Psalter begins on p. 445), followed by the Gloria Patri. Special Psalms are appointed for Major Holy Days. Where more than one psalm is appointed, the Gloria Patri is used after each Psalm. (The sections of Psalm 119 are treated as a single Psalm.) In reciting the Psalter, “a distinct pause” should be observed at the asterisk.

SIT for OT Lesson as appointed on Desk Calendar. A definite pause should follow the reading of each lesson.

STAND for the Magnificat and Gloria Patri, p. 73. (During the eight days before Christmas Eve, the “Great O Antiphons”, on pp. 672-673, are said with the Magnificat. A different antiphon is provided for each day.)

SIT for the NT Lesson as appointed on Calendar.

STAND for the Nunc Dimittis and Gloria Patri, p. 74.

STAND for the Apostles’ Creed, p. 75, said facing East (the High Altar).

KNEEL for the Prayers, beginning with the Our Father, p. 76, and the Suffrages, pp. 76-78, followed by the Collects:

Collect for Day (either weekly Proper or Major Feast)
Collect for Peace, p. 78
Collect for Aid against Perils, p. 79.
**Use 3 Collects only. However, during Advent and Lent the Seasonal Collect (Advent Sunday and Ash Wednesday, respectively) may be used in addition to the 3 set collects.**

KNEEL for the Salutation and Grace, p. 83.

[STAND for the seasonal Marian Anthems, pp. 729-732.]

All Souls’ Solemn Requiem

Unusual Features of this Liturgy:

Incense is not used until the Offertory, and the Offertory censing is truncated.

There is no Old Testament Lesson.

The Gospel Procession is reduced, with only the MC, SD, and D participating.

The Creed, Intercessions, and Confession are omitted.

There is no Offertory Procession and thus, no TT. The Flagon and Ciborium are placed at the credence before Mass.

The Peace is sung as the Fraction anthem and is not exchanged among the congregation.

The Memorare is interpolated into the Canon of the Mass.

There is a symbolic ‘Commendation’ (as in the Burial rite) at the end of the service.

The people are dismissed but not blessed at the conclusion of the Mass.


The altar and SMs are vested in black.

Normal High Mass Setup.

A catafalque is set up on the choir floor.

The Collect is #8, “For the Departed.”

The aspersorium, containing a small amount of holy water, and aspergillum are placed at the sedilia for use during the final Commendation.

A black cope is placed in the Lady Chapel or some other convenient spot to be retrieved for the Commendation.

[When the Pie Jesu is to be sung, MC should place a note in the Altar Book warning CEL to pause for the singing of this text before the Lord’s Prayer.]

The entire service is printed in the leaflet and there is one hymn at the Offertory. Programs and hymnals should be placed before the service so that servers can enter and exit empty-handed.


Choir enters from side door before Mass begins.

All others enter from North door and proceed the short way during the Introit. The Choir will wait to begin until the North doors open and the people rise for the procession. ACrA lead the Procession, followed by: the Verger; Th without thurible; choir ministers, MC, and SMs all in customary order.

Proceed to lineup at altar steps. MC cues genuflection. Servers peel off as SMs go up to Altar.

SMs go up to Altar and bow but do not kiss the Altar, then go into straight “I” formation at center for Kyrie.

The Salutation and Collect of the Day are as usual. There is no OT lesson, so immediately after the Collect of the Day the SD departs to the Lectern for the Epistle (1 Cor. 15:51-57). Following the Epistle, the SD goes up to Altar to move the Missal, then retires to sedilia.

ALL sit for the Gradual, Tract, [and Sequence, Dies Irae, omitted in some years].

At the end of the Tract, ALL rise. D fetches Gospel Book and goes to CEL for a blessing. If the Dies Irae is sung, D may move at the verse “Inter oves locum præsta“/”With thy sheep a place provide me.”

The Gospel Procession is as usual except for the missing parts (no AA or TH).

The Gospel Lesson is John 6:37-40. The Gospel Book is neither censed nor kissed. The Deacon does not sign the Cross on forehead, lips or breast while announcing the Gospel. The Deacon closes the Gospel Book after the lection and the SD returns to the sedilia without presenting the Book to the Celebrant.

After the Gospel, the D or an assisting priest goes to the pulpit for the Prayer for the Departed. The people are usually directed to sit for the reading of the list of commemorations. TH should depart at this time to prepare thurible for Offertory. (The list is usually very long so TH will have plenty of time.)

After the Prayer for the Departed, if the D has been reading the names, he returns to the sedilia as choir begins the Offertory chant. The Creed, Intercessions, and Confession are omitted.

The Peace is not bidden here.

During the Offertory chant, in the absence of an Offertory Procession, the D sets the table and returns to the sedilia.

At the end of the Offertory chant, the Sacred Ministers go to center, genuflect, and ascend to the footpace. TH enters as SMs ascend to footpace, and waits at credence. AA bring up the flagon and ciborium and the vessels are prepared.

Once the vessels are prepared, TH goes up to the footpace and incense is laid on.

The Oblations and Altar are censed as usual, but only the CEL is censed (by the D). Other SMs, servers, etc., are not censed. The elements are censed as usual during the Canon.

The Canon of the Mass proceeds as usual [except that the Choir may sing Pie Jesu before the Lord’s Prayer]. The Memorare is interpolated into the Canon (clipped into the Altar Book at the appropriate place).

At the Fraction, CEL sings “The Peace of the Lord … “.

The Prayer of Humble Access is omitted.

During Communion, TH prepares 3 coals for the Commendation.

The Ablutions are as usual.

ALL kneel for the Postcommunion Prayer.

Following the Postcommunion Prayer, SMs go to center, ascend to Altar and bow but do not kiss it.

SMs then descend to sedilia where SD and D assist CEL to change into cope. Chasuble is laid over altar rail. The altar party then assembles at bottom of altar steps.

AA come out with candles to outside positions at bottom of steps (aligned with the horns of the altar). TH enters from smoke sacristy and lines up at D’s right. MC with aspersorium and aspergillum takes his/her place at TH’s right.

SMs, MC, and TH go down to the catafalque, MC leading followed by TH and then SMs in single file.

SMs take places three abreast at head of catafalque, facing west. CEL reads the Commendation prayer, then takes aspergillum from MC and sprinkles the catafalque, then returns aspergillum to MC. CEL then takes thurible from TH and censes the catafalque. During the sprinkling and censing MC holds right side of CEL’s cope. The edges of the pall are not lifted (as they would be at a funeral) during the sprinkling and censing.

Following the censing, CEL returns thurible to TH, who exits discreetly to smoke sacristy.

With SMs still standing three abreast at the head of the catafalque facing it, CEL bids the Dismissal and D chants: “May they rest in peace.” The reply is “Amen.”

ALL remain in place, SMs and MC facing catafalque, AA facing altar, CR standing in stall, while choir sings In Paradisum.

Following In Paradisum, MC cues CR to meet AA. A CR A then turn and lead procession out the short way (through the North Door) in silence. The Choir then departs quietly via the All Saints Chapel door.

ACrA, Verger, Choir Clergy, MC, SMs